The Robot Operating System (ROS) is open source software used to create robots. Often called the “Linux of robotics”, ROS is used in domains ranging from self-driving cars to industrial automation. It has even been used to power robots on the International Space Station. Originally conceived by Eric Berger and Keenan Wyrobek while attending graduate school at Stanford University, ROS development began in earnest when the two left Stanford to join robotics lab Willow Garage. Today, the development of ROS is directed by Open Robotics — an independent organization founded by members of the original ROS core team.